Southampton is situated on an estuary of the River Test which here constitutes an extension of Southampton Water rather than a river in any conventional sense. The river is tidal throughout the city's confines. It rises near Ashe (6 miles west of Basingstoke) and flows 40 miles to Redbridge, passing through Whitchurch, Chilbolton, Mottisfont and Romsey. In its upper reaches it is a chalk stream and noted for the excellence of its trout fishing.
The alternative name River Anton was the preferred use from 1568 to the early 20th century (see separate entry for discussion of this name). River Tees (or Tese) was an alternative 18th century name for the river.
'The Name of the River Test', by Andrew Breeze in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club and Archaeological Society, Vol. 53, 1998, p226-7. (H/f)
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