The county female penitentiary adjoining Holy Trinity Church was built, like the church, in 1827. It housed 30 inmates, and was staffed with a resident matron and chaplain. Its purpose was to house penitent females, and to provide them with industrial employment and other preparation for re-entering society. Holy Trinity Church was originally intended to be the chapel of the penitentiary, but instead became a district church serving what was then a fast growing population in the Kingsland area. The penitentiary was closed in the 1850s and the building was subsequently used for a variety of purposes. For much of the 20th century it was a lodging house called Church House.
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