The cavalry barracks, situated at the confluence of London Road and the Avenue, were erected in 1794 at the beginning of the Napoleonic wars. They were designed by architect John Plaw who had moved to Southampton in the 1790s. In 1816 the premises were taken over by a branch of the Royal Military Asylum after the barracks had been made superfluous by the ending of the war with France in 1815. In 1841 the Ordnance Survey took over the building which was demolished in 1873 during an extensive rebuilding program.

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