13 August 1940
First daylight raid on Southampton. The town centre was crowded with shoppers and other people going about their Saturday afternoon business under a cloudy sky. Eight pubs, Pickfords furniture repository, offices and houses in the lower town were destroyed, there was a direct hit on the bowling green, and 5 people lost their lives:
Air Raid Warden Robert George Edwin Ellerby, aged 38, from Winchester, at Pickfords
James John Veal Harris, aged 72, from Bitterne, at Town Quay
William Percival Morley, aged 51, from Shirley, at Pickfords
Henry Snell, aged 13, of 42 Lower Canal Walk
Ethel Van Cooten, aged 40, from Westridge Road, thrown from Pickford’s office, where she worked, into the High Street

In Air Raid Warden Walter Kingston's Diary, he records that the alert lasted 1540-1715 and that the International Cold Storage Depot on the Docks was destroyed. Other witnesses remembered how the Depot burned for days, as it contained 2000 tons of butter.
Here is the full Air Raid Warden's Report for this raid.

These are the first Southampton air raid casualties, apart from:
Eliza Martha Lush, aged 84, of Newlands Avenue, died 30 July 1940. She died in the Royal South Hants Hospital, half an hour after an operation. She had fallen on her way to an air raid shelter, and broken her thigh and wrist.

23 August 1940
Bombs fell on the Southampton side of the Itchen, near the Floating Bridge. Two casualties both lived in Endle Street.
Edward Walter Newman, of 50 Endle Street

24 August 1940
Ivy Maria Biggs, of 28 Endle Street. Died at Royal South Hants Hospital

25 August 1945
Five members of the same family were killed in a direct hit on their Anderson shelter at 27 West Road, Woolston
Emily Elizabeth Bennett
her daughter Winifred Edith Bennett
Anthony Morant,aged 2, her grandson and the son of
her daughter Freda Evelyn Morant
and son-in law James William Edward Morant

11 September 1940
39 civilians, including two Home Guard, were killed in a raid on the Cunliffe Owen factory near Southampton Airport.
There were two other casualties in the raid:
Frederick Coker, aged 76
Albert Edward Simmonds, of Wharncliffe Road, who died in the Royal South Hants Hospital.

12 September 1940
The Southern Daily Echo reported that "group of enemy bombers attacked a south-east town yesterday afternoon and succeeded in damaging a building. A number of casualties were caused, some of them being fatal."

Four more Cunliffe Owen casualties died, at Royal South Hants Hospital

William Edward Burridge
Roy Humphrey Cave-Penney
Walter James Gardiner
Peter Henry Wilde, aged 14

Also died at Royal South Hants Hospital:
Lawrence Henry Wilde, of 14 Bellevue Road

14 September 1940
Echo headline: "AIRCRAFT FACTORIES IN SOUTHAMPTON": Germans' Bombing Claims.
The press had been warned not to let the enemy know they had definitely succeeded in hitting a target, so the Echo did not report the Cunliffe Owen raid in any detail.

Reginald Benjamin Tutton died at the Royal South Hants Hospital. He had been injured "at the Airport" on 11 September, and is listed on the Cunliffe Owen Roll of Honour.

*15 September 1940**
Southern Daily Echo, 16 September 1940: "Fatal casualties were caused in each of three week-end raids on a South of England town. Victims included two members of the Home Guard, who were on duty outside a Post Office when a bomb exploded in the centre of the road. Another Home Guard was badly injured."
Charles John Kimber 12th Hampshire (Southampton) Bn.Home Guard.
Kenneth Charles George Lee 12th Hampshire (Southampton) Bn.Home Guard.
Six civilians died in a raid over Woolston, Bitterne and Peartree.

In another raid, victims included a woman and a child; the third claimed an aged allotment holder
Emma Louisa Barrett
Barbara Amor Owers
Daniel Saunders
Dorothy Furber a first aid post Nursing Auxiliary.
Elizabeth Furber
William Furber

16 September 1940
Edward Jack Diaper. Special Constable, injured at 32 Wharncliffe Road, 15 September 1945.
Frederick William Pulham of 1, Lower Back of the Walls.
Both men died at the Royal South Hants Hospital.

19 September 1940
Desmond Patrick Blake. Injured at Cunliffe Owen, 11 September 1940, died at the Royal South Hants Hospital.

Southern Daily Echo, 21 September 1940

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Letter from the mothers of the two Home Guards killed outside a post office, 15 September 1940

23 September 1940
Mrs J Diaper of 32 Wharncliffe Road, published an Acknowledgement in the Southern Daily Echo returning "her heartfelt thanks to relatives, neighbours and friends, also Floating Bridge Department and War Reserve Police, Woolston Division, for beautiful floral tributes. Please accept this the only intimation." (See 16 September 1940)

24 September 1940
Walter Kingston recorded "Whites Yard, Supermarine (shelter hit), Northam and Woolston hit. St Barnabas Church destroyed. Second wave of bombers hit Woolston and Northam."
The Southern Daily Echo, 25 September, was, as usual, low-key in its reporting. Under a front-page headline "CHURCH HIT IN S.E. TOWN: Bombs Dropped in Three Districts", it printed four sentences. Three described the bombers and the response to them from ground and air, and the fourth said: "A church, amongst other buildings, was hit, and there were casualties, some fatal." On the back page we find "NAZI COMMUNIQUE: Southampton Factory Claimed Hit."

The factory was Supermarine, where there had been a direct hit on an air raid shelter.
20 people were killed "at the Supermarine Works", and three "at White's yard"
See 1939-1940 the war comes to Southampton from the Supermariners website

Altogether 41 people were killed, including:

Eva Thompson of Woodford, Copsewood Road, who died at St Barnabas Church.

Ethel Berta Young of "Niton" 5, Bassett Avenue. Mrs Young's husband, Hector Young had been Mayor of Southampton in 1929. In her obituary in the Echo, 27 September 1940, she was described as "a well-known and popular figure" involved in voluntary work for the Royal South Hants Hospital, the Southampton Youth Committee and the British Legion.
Also lost were her neighbours at 6, Bassett Avenue:
Mary Ann Olive and her companion
Catherine Sarah Thresher

Laura Long of 16 Belvidere Terrace, Northam. Her son William, a Southampton Corporation lorry driver, received £38.16s on the administration of her estate in 1947.

26 September 1940
"FIFTY 'PLANES RAID A SOUTHAMPTON AREA: Working Class Homes Demolished…Casualties, some of them fatal, are reported" (Southern Daily Echo, 27 September 1940)
Walter Kingston recorded bombs at "Supermarine, Whites Yard, Peartree Avenue, Gas Works, Marne and Balaclava Roads at Bitterne."
50 people died:
Three members of the Home Guard:
John Hughes
James William Living, listed as a civilian.
Donald Maxwell Looker

and 47 Civilians.

Of these, nine died in the second raid on Supermarine. The Germans claimed "great destruction by direct hits on sheds and and other workshops." Six men were killed at the Railway Arch nearby, and one in Peartree Avenue.

Nine men were killed in the Docks, and six at the Gas Works in Northam.
The working class houses were:
22 Melbourne Street, home of
Frances Martha Emily White, widow, 74.
23 Melbourne Street, home of
Doris May Dunford, 35
and her son Michael Dunford, 4
Doris's parents lived next door, at
24 Melbourne Street
William Pothecary, 58
Elizabeth Anne Pothecary, 57
25 Melbourne Street
Beatrice Victoria Bundy, shopkeeper, 66
43 Melbourne Street, home of
Alice May Parker
and her five children
Reginald James, 9
Barbara Elizabeth, 7
Brian Daniels, 5
Patricia June, 2
Joan, 9 months
also killed here was
Louisa Ethel Frances Hooker, 21.

27 September 1940
Three men who had been at the Gas Works, and one from the Docks, died from injuries received 26 September at Royal South Hants Hospital.
Arthur Manly Hotson, Public Works Labourer, injured at the Gas Works.
Henry William Preston, injured at the Gas Works.
Frederick William John Seaborn, injured at the Gas Works.
Harry Weeks, Coal Porter, injured at the Docks.

28 September 1940
Sydney Albert Richard Waters, died at Royal South Hants Hospital of injuries received 26 September at the Supermarine works.

29 September 1940
Charles John Hockley died at the Borough (now the General) Hospital, of injuries received 26 September at the Gas Works.
Tom David Norris died at the Borough (now the General) Hospital, of injuries received 26 September at the Docks, where he was a stevedore.

30 September 1940
Mrs Young's funeral took place at St Michael's Bassett. A guard of honour from the Women's Section of the British Legion mustered at the Cemetery Gates at 11.15am.

Southern Daily Echo, 30 September 1940

Image Unavailable

Benjamin Parker announces the deaths of his whole family at 43 Melbourne Street "suddenly", in the air raid of 26 September.

21 July 1943
Harry George Richard Albray died at River View, Oliver Road, Swaythling, of injuries received 11 September 1940. He is listed on the Cunliffe Owen Roll of Honour.


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